GIS and Ukraine
GIS solutions have affected the world from GPS navigation and monitoring, to government management and education. Some of the very first GIS principles and systems date back to 1980’s Ukraine, and the country continues to deliver innovative geospatial solutions. In this article, originally published in June 2014 issue of Geoconnexion magazine, Pavel Yalovol, head of GIS department at Intetics, describes the impact of GIS industry in Ukraine and explores its future challenges. Download the article to find out more about Ukraine’s role in GIS development.
Ukraine created some of this first GIS principles and systems in the 1980s and the country continues to use geospatial technologies. Pavel Yalovol looks at the current state of GIS in Ukraine and what the future holds for the country.
Ukraine has a long history of contributing to innovations in GIS technology. In fact, initial GIS methodological principles and the first applied fully functional GIS were created in Ukraine in the mid-1980s. Today, a large number of governmental and commercial organisations in Ukraine actively use GIS technology. Their activities are fully based on GIS and the success of their work depends heavily on the competent application of GIS technologies.
Thematic mapping is undoubtedly the most popular and enduring area in which GIS is applied. GIS helps to fuel Ukraine’s economy by producing maps for tourism, land tenure and cadastre, geological
exploration and mining operations, agriculture and melioration, and protecting the environment. The country’s local, regional and national landscape maps are all based on GIS, as well as maps of soils, demographics, water resources, highways, industry, agriculture, climate, topographic and many others.
When Ukraine needed to create accurate radiation contamination maps of the country, these were prepared in a GIS. GIS technology also helped trace current radioactive levels to help solve some of the issues related to the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Large cities in Ukraine continue to receive electronic information and referral maps under the “Yellow Pages” project annually. Additionally, numerous interactive electronic maps and atlases for professional, educational and general directions were created for Ukraine in GIS environments.
GIS and navigation
Navigational mapping has recently made a sharp jump in usage and development. In today’s world, it is hard to imagine a taxi, courier, ambulance service or even the car of an average citizen without a navigation system helping it to navigate unknown roads. Over the past few years, several large companies have emerged to provide navigation services, increasing competition in the market.
This heightened competition is partly due to the explosion in mobile phones, as consumers demand GPS and access to the latest information on traffic conditions, and optimal and safe routes to destinations such as nearby restaurants, car service centres, theatres and other places of interest. As a result, companies developing GIS for mobile are constantly striving to improve their products and services, searching for better solutions for customers and technological innovations that deliver a competitive advantage. Competing in the market is impossible without the ability to apply and innovate with GIS technologies.
GIS and monitoring
GIS is an extremely easy tool for observing and recording environmental changes. GIS offers all the tools necessary to work with remote-sensing environmental data. Thus, remote monitoring is a very important target area for the application of GIS. The entire Ukrainian soil-monitoring system operates using GIS. Observational data are collected on macro-and micro-elements, humus and the agro-physical soil index and are recorded in a GIS for further processing. All data obtained is analysed using mathematical operations that calculate changes in soil characteristics. The maps of soil indicators are created in a GIS and soil parameters are extrapolated in time for prognostic purposes. GISs are also used in forest and air-quality monitoring.
Download the full article to find out more about Ukraine’s role in GIS development including information on next hot topics:
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